La Romana is the third-largest city in the Dominican Republic, and one of the biggest in the Caribbean, with a population estimated in 2005 at 240,000. The city is a hub for a growing tourist industry with several nearby local resorts, such as the beachfront Bayahibe, Punta Cana and Casa de Campo. La Romana is not a typical Dominican town; instead, it is a company city, with the Central Romana Corporation owning the majority of the town. It is a town with nearly 100% employment, mostly in the tourism industry or with The Central Romana Corporation, the Free Zone, or one of the service businesses there. This town is characterized by its tremendous influence in the country's tourism programs. There are also many growing suburban areas with huge mansions that are surrounded by tropical trees.
This town has a large population, and all the problems associated with high-density areas. It does not have many notable sights in terms of architecture or urban spaces, being barely 100 years old. It grew very fast compared that to the much older and slower-paced La Vega or Seibo, which are more typical Dominican towns. La Romana is also home to Casa de Campo, one of the world's largest resorts and top golfing destinations. The "Teeth of the Dog" golf course is world-renown, and many international and local artists perform at "Altos de Chavon", an artistic community and university.